How to Make Buttermilk

If you’re wondering how to make buttermilk – you’ve found the answer! Learn how to make a buttermilk substitute with two simple ingredients. I’ve also included options for vegan buttermilk substitutions!

Buttermilk substitute in a measuring cup

No Buttermilk? It Happens to All of Us!

It’s happened to me before – maybe a bit more often than I’d like to admit. I plan all week in my head to make a legendary buttermilk sheet cake for a big weekend celebration. 

Then, the weekend arrives. I start pulling out my ingredients and I realize I’m missing a pretty important ingredient… the BUTTERMILK. Like, seriously – facepalm. But, what can I do?

Run to the store and hope they have some? Maybe, but I don’t feel like changing out of my pajama pants. Plus, I’m still sipping on my morning coffee. In situations like these, thankfully I have an easy and quick solution. I just make my own buttermilk! It’s easier than you think.

Making a buttermilk substitute in a measuring glass

What is Buttermilk?

Back in the days of the pioneers, buttermilk was the liquid leftover after butter had been churned. So as not to be wasteful, they found lots of uses for this creamy treat.

The buttermilk you buy today in the grocery store is a bit different. Today cultured buttermilk is made by adding bacteria to milk the causes it to start fermenting, which is where the tangy flavor comes from. This type of buttermilk is typically thicker and more tangy than traditional buttermilk.

Add a tablespoon of white vinegar to your milk to make buttermilk
Homemade buttermilk using 1 cup of milk + 1 TBS lemon juice

How to Make Buttermilk Substitute

I usually opt to substitute buttermilk with a homemade version using milk and white vinegar or lemon juice. To do this you’ll need:


  • Milk – You can use whatever is your preference – skim, 1%, 2%, or whole. But, the higher the fat content in the milk you choose, the more rich and creamy it will be. 
  • White vinegar or lemon juice – Either will work just fine, use what you have on hand. 

How to Make It

Step 1: Combine 1 cup milk and 1 tablespoon lemon or vinegar. This 1:1 ratio works no matter how much buttermilk you need.

Step 2: Let it sit at room temp until it curdles. This should take about 10 minutes. Then, stir it up and use it in your recipe in place of buttermilk!

Yup that’s it. Homemade buttermilk really does require only two steps and two ingredients!

What About a Vegan Buttermilk Substitute?

For a vegan buttermilk, use any plant based milk. Keep the same ratio of 1 cup milk to 1 tbsp of white vinegar or lemon juice. I love to use soy milk for my vegan buttermilk. 

Here are some additional plant based milk options you can use to make your vegan buttermilk substitute:

  • Almond Milk
  • Flax Milk
  • Oat Milk
  • Soy Milk

What Else Can I Use as a Buttermilk Substitute?

Here are some more options for a buttermilk substitute:

  • 1 cup buttermilk = 1 cup yogurt thinned with water or milk
  • 1 cup buttermilk = 1 cup sour cream thinned with water or milk

Can I Freeze Buttermilk?

So, if you make your own buttermilk substitute, you can make the exact amount you need and you won’t have to worry about freezing the leftovers. I just love making things super easy for ya  – hair toss.

But, if you did buy that jug of buttermilk just to use only a half cup or cup and you’re wondering if you can freeze the rest before it goes bad in your fridge, here’s your answer:

Yes absolutely!!

Buttermilk actually freezes pretty darn well. TBH, I didn’t know this until recently! Make sure to freeze your leftover buttermilk or homemade buttermilk substitute in an airtight container and it will remain good for just about 3 month. 

How To Make Homemade Buttermilk Substitute

What Does Buttermilk Do in Baking?

When you use buttermilk in your baking, it makes your treats extra moist and tender. This is because buttermilk is acidic, so it reacts with the baking soda in your recipe. When this reaction happens, everything gets all fizzy and the buttermilk loses its sour taste. You’re left with super fluffy and moist baked goods!

Recipes that Use Buttermilk 


How to Make Buttermilk

  • Author: Shelly
  • Prep Time Prep Time: 10 minutes
  • Cook Time Cook Time: 0 minutes
  • Total Time Total Time: 10 minutes
  • Yield Yield: 1 cup 1x
  • Category Category: How To
  • Method Method: Mix
  • Cuisine Cuisine: American


This easy recipe for homemade buttermilk substitute only needs two ingredients and is ready in 10 minutes. 



  • 1 cup milk
  • 1 tbsp white vinegar or lemon juice


  1. Combine 1 cup milk with 1 tbsp white vinegar or lemon juice.
  2. Let mixture sit at room temperature until it curdles. This should take about 10 minutes.
  3. Stir and use in place of buttermilk.


For a Vegan variation, sub 1 cup of soy milk for the 1 cup of cow’s milk.

Keywords: how to make buttermilk, buttermilk substitute, what is buttermilk, buttermilk recipe, homemade buttermilk, buttermilk replacement, sub for buttermilk

Want To Save This Recipe?

PIN for later:

How to Make Buttermilk Pinterest image

Hi! I’m Shelly and I’m an addict. Of the buttercream sort. I started this site a few years ago as a way to justify my sugary, buttery obsession with desserts. It has worked out well for me so far, because as it turns out you guys all love sugary, buttery desserts too! It feels good to know you're not alone, doesn’t it?

You might also like...

Share Your Comments

Want to share a photo of what you’ve made? Be sure to register or log in and then click the camera icon located at the bottom of the comment form.

Recipe rating
Oldest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
June 1, 2020 12:06 pm

Can apple cider be used as sub for lemon or white vinegar?

June 24, 2020 12:25 pm
Reply to  virginia

Yes! I use apple cider vinegar more often than white vinegar or lemon juice. It works great, especially for things that are not real sweet like pancakes, waffles, biscuits, etc. I will be testing this recipe this weekend, using gluten free flour.

pat watson
March 11, 2020 4:42 pm

do you think expired buttermilk is ok to use?

March 11, 2020 7:27 am

This is so easy!

But I rarely have milk in my house and have used the dry mix for years, which is what my grandma always used. Great product.

March 11, 2020 6:57 am

Can you use dry buttermilk powder!

Shelly Hi! I’m Shelly and I’m an addict. Of the buttercream sort. I started this site a few years ago as a way to justify my sugary, buttery obsession with desserts. It has worked out well for me so far, because as it turns out you guys all love sugary, buttery desserts too! It feels good to know you're not alone, doesn’t it?

Tips for Baking Success!

Cookies and Cups Newsletter Get 5 Baking Secrets That Will Change Your Life!

Delivered Straight to Your Inbox, For Free:

Recipes You’ll Love

This site participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means to earn a small fee by linking to and affiliated sites.

Ad Blocker Detected!

Advertisements fund this website. Please disable your adblocking software or whitelist our website.
Thank You!